L.A. County released long-awaited draft cannabis regulations yesterday. The Board of Supervisors, which creates laws that govern all of the unincorporated areas of the county (any area that is not part of an incorporated city) has been listening to the findings of the Cannabis Advisory Group over many months and has released the zoning requirements that will apply to commercial cannabis in the county, as well as the activities that will be licensed.The County will be issuing for Adult-Use (recreational) and Medical cannabis uses. Our LA cannabis attorneys have reviewed the proposed cannabis regulations and our findings are below.
Our Los Angeles Cannabis Attorneys are constantly fielding questions about a popular license category called microbusiness. The Type 12 license allows you to engage in multiple cannabis activities on the same premises. For example, you could cultivate up to 10,000 sq. ft. of canopy, and distribute, and deliver under one license for microbusiness. The chance to diversify your business and conduct multiple activities under one license is appealing to many existing and prospective cannabis business owners.
The Bureau of Cannabis Control (BCC), released their final regulations for cannabis microbusiness licensees last week, after revising them post SB-94 (you can read more about the process here). Here’s what they have to say about the restrictions on cannabis microbusinesses:
- Microbusinesses must engage in at least 3 different commercial cannabis activities
- Microbusiness applicants have to describe operating procedures as required for each activity
- If a microbusiness license is revoked or suspended, it affects every activity done using that license
- Microbusiness license fees range from $5,000 to $120,000 depending on size of operation (up to $5 million)
- Retail operations & Microbusinesses with retail sales can give out free samples to medicinal marijuana customers, as long as it meets the same conditions as normal retail sales
- Sales at events are allowed
- Retailers & Microbusinesses with retail will have to employ security guards
Cannabis attorney Allison Margolin addressing the LA City Council on the new zoning regulations on Monday:
Today the LA City Council will vote to determine all of the City's. the city's new restrictions on where a cannabis business may be located. The current California cannabis law requires that cannabis businesses be located more than 600 feet from all schools.
On top of that, LA's most recent draft of its location ordinance required businesses intending to conduct on-site retail sales to be located 750 feet away from sensitive-use areas, including schools, public parks, libraries, and drug treatment facilities, as well as any existing marijuana retail business.
While this is a more lenient approach to sensitive-use areas than LA's previous zoning restrictions, which called for an 800-foot buffer zone, some cannabis businesses and marijuana advocates, including our Los Angeles Cannabis lawyers, argue that introducing two different distancing standards will only complicate the already-opaque standards for marijuana zoning.
The City Council's vote will take place at 10 A.M. tomorrow, December 5th, at 200 N. Spring St.
Yesterday, the Los Angeles City Council met to discuss cannabis issues before voting on the final ordinance next month. Our Los Angeles Cannabis attorneys were present and are closely following developments on the path to a final LA Cannabis Ordinance and Social Equity Program. Broadly, the Los Angeles Social Equity Program aims to prioritize applicants who were disproportionately impacted by the war on drugs and criminalization of cannabis, and give them an opportunity to participate in the now legal, newly regulated market.
The discussion yesterday centered around the social equity program and the tier system, which establishes priority to individuals with a criminal history. The social equity program will benefit disadvantaged communities. As a reminder, Tier 1 applicants are those who have a prior cannabis related conviction, a cumulative household income below the federal poverty line and have at least five years residence in an area impacted by the War on Drugs. So the question becomes, should priority be given to individuals with a criminal history?
Opinions were heard on both sides of the controversial issue. The purpose of the social equity program is to help remove barriers for persons with a criminal history to equitable ownership and employment opportunities. Concerns were raised the criteria for Tier 1 was limited to cannabis only related crimes. The LA Dept. of Cannabis Regulation reasoned the purpose is to provide legitimate business opportunities in a now legalized industry. Oppositions were raised that the tier system did not distinguish between the level of offense such as, a misdemeanor or felony and excludes low income neighborhoods not impacted by the War on Drugs. This suggests person(s) convicted of a minor cannabis crime will have priority over person(s) who have been established in a disproportionately impacted community for many years. Recommendations were made to the Dept. of Cannabis Regulation to define distinct requirements to qualify as a Tier 1 applicant. For more information on the social equity program click here.
In addition to the Social Equity Program, the Council is also considering the revised Location Ordinance which introduces new distancing requirements. An important change to the proposed zoning ordinance is the addition of a 600 foot buffer to sensitive use areas for all activities including cultivation and manufacturing. Make sure you check the location
of your business is compliant with the land use ordinance. The vote is next week so make your voice heard and submit your comments to the City Council by December 4th.
On November 5th, the City Council of West Hollywood put an end to a long period of speculation about the future legal status of cannabis in their jurisdiction, moving to allow recreational and medical marijuana dispensaries, delivery services. In particular, the WeHo City Council approved of allocating 8 licenses per type of cannabis activity (Adult-Use retail, Consumption Areas with On-Site Adult-Use retail, Delivery Services, and Medical-Use dispensary,) and confirmed this decision on the morning of November 8th. These activity types are of interest in themselves: Allowing retail spaces to provide an area for on-site consumption means WeHo might soon be the home of hip, Amsterdam-style marijuana cafés.
While this explains quite a bit about West Hollywood's approach, some aspects of the city's regulations remain unclear. For instance, the exact selection process for the 8 licenses per activity has not been decided by the City Council. Moreover, the zoning regulations for marijuana businesses have also not been finalized by the city. To address these questions, the City Council of West Hollywood will meet again on November 20th to discuss zones and grading criteria for licenses. The City Council has given itself a deadline of December 6th to resolve these issues, which it hopes to meet before the new laws come into effect on January 1st.
As it stands, what our cannabis lawyers know about the future process for license application selection is as follows: The top eight applications will be issued licenses based on merit. Some of the criteria in consideration for "merit" will include compliance with the city's social equity program, operating a pre-existing cannabis business that's in good standing in WeHo, or previous experience with a cannabis business elsewhere in the state. Again, these criteria have been merely discussed and not approved. Once the criteria are fixed, the city will essentially grade each application based on the standards they establish.
Since relatively few licenses will be granted, it is imperative for any marijuana business applicant in West Hollywood to not only meet the criteria set out by City Council, but also to provide adequate reasoning for why its merits qualify it to be chosen over the other applicants. The application period will be open in January 2018 for a period of 30 days; since the timeframe is so short, if you're interested in starting a cannabis business in WeHo, it's important to get started on the application process now.
Last week, our Los Angeles cannabis attorneys were at the City Council meeting where the Council moved to amend the Draft Regulations that were previously released on September 22, 2017. The Los Angeles City Council moved to amend the Draft Regulations released on 9-22-2017 to include a motion that will allow cannabis operators who meet certain requirements to remain open if they file for limited immunity within 15 days of applications opening. You can read more about the Draft Regulations from September in our previous posts here and here.
Thanks to everyone who came to our first Freedom of Information session about Los Angeles Cannabis Licensing!
This weekend was the second annual The Edibles List Infused Expo in DTLA. As LA Cannabis lawyers, our firm is tracking the City's development of regulations and also California's. This weekend, the focus was on edibles.
As California prepares to start issuing cannabis cultivation licenses on January 1, 2018, the state is becoming more transparent regarding the exact requirements for legal cultivation under the new regulatory regime. Our cannabis lawyers are often asked how you can prepare for licensing - here is your answer. The California Department of Food & Agriculture’s just released a full checklist of requirements for the Cal. Cannabis cultivation application, now available in .pdf form on their website.
These requirements represent an important shift in the state’s attitude when it comes to cannabis cultivation – in particular, the checklist shows that California plans for far more robust cooperation between state and local regulatory authorities than has existed in the past. As Merry Jane writes in an article about the checklist, “Unlike the current cat and mouse games canna-businesses play with local municipalities under the wild west rules of Prop 215, California’s new system will see increased coordination between state and local governing bodies by requiring licenses for cannabis operations at both levels.” Our Los Angeles cannabis attorneys have witnessed both the wild west and the implementation of the new system as cities and counties around California issue their own permits and licenses.
This two-level licensing structure also means that the process of applying for a cultivation license will be an arduous one, with applicants required to jump through a long series of bureaucratic hoops in order to attain legal status. The full State requirements, as listed in the checklist, are as follows:
- An existing local cultivation permit (optional, but recommended)
- Proof of the applicant’s right to occupy the property used for cultivation
- Business formation documents filed by the California Secretary of State’s office
- California State Water Resources Control Board permits and verification of water source
- California Department of Fish and Wildlife’s 1602 permit or a waiver
- California Department of Toxic Substance’s hazardous materials record search via their EnviroStor data-management system
- California Department of Fee and Tax Administration’s seller’s permit
- Labor peace agreement (for operations that will employ more than 20 people)
- Surety bond valued at $5,000
- California Department of Justice fingerprinting via its Live Scan service
The checklist also includes a list of local permits that may be required, including those issued by the municipality’s Building Department, Public Works Department, and Sheriff’s Office. The takeaway is clear; while Jan 1, 2018, may seem very soon to aspiring cannabusiness owners, getting a legal license to cultivate cannabis won’t be possible without a lot of paperwork.